Shelf fungi or bracket fungi is a decomposer and important to the environment. It is usually found in trees and on wood where it feeds off dead waste and wood. It consumes organic matter by releasing enzymes and breaking down dead waste. It then absorbs the broken down waste through the cell walls and is a very efficient way of recycling dead matter.
Mushrooms are the most familiar known of the fungi kingdom. They reproduce by dividing from one cell and connecting to each other. Mushrooms gain nutrients from its mycelia. Mycelia is found underground and produce enzymes that leech to the ground and dissolve valuable nutrients found in the soil. The nutrients are then absorbed into the mushroom in which the cell walls open to let the nutrients in.
Mosses are small green fungi found on almost any surface. They are found on rivers, lakes, wood, trees, even some are found in ice. It is because of their reproduction effectiveness and their natural resistance to varying climate that mosses are easily spread.
Mosses are a type of fungi that has different ways of acquiring nutrients. Some are able to gather nutrients from water that flows over them, in which they can absorb the water because of really effective surfaces. Others though obtain nutrients from soil or a substrate in the ground and absorb from the ground. This gives an effective way of gathering nutrients in which they can transfer to the tips of their plants.